• Campos Robles posted an update 2 months ago

    The need for automation and robots in all manufacturing industries continues to grow. Industrial robots have replaced individuals in the wide range of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that want precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used within a diverse range of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

    The ISO meaning of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". According to the definition it is usually fixed set up or mobile to use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or more axes. They’re multi-functional items that may be custom-built and developed to perform a selection of operations.

    The main benefits of industrial robots is because could be set to suit industry specific requirements and may work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective life span associated with an industrial robot is around 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots are becoming variety portion of manufacturing.

    Industrial robots has sorted out into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The key categories of industrial robots are:

    Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: These are stationary robots having three elements of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots have all their axes across the work driving them to also suitable for dispensing applications.

    SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move in the x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. You can use them for factory automation requiring pick and put work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.

    Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It can have from two to 10 or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are well worthy of welding, painting and assembly.

    Basic industrial robot designs could be customized by building different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are crucial add-ons. End effectors will be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) mounted on robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which can be employed to move or assemble parts are types of end effectors. End effectors are created and employed to sense and connect to the external environment. The final effectors’ design depends upon the application requirements of the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. These are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks accustomed to control other manufacturing equipment like robotic arms. Machine vision is employed to the inspection of product which such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are utilized to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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